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Black-Throated Blue Warbler

15 Blue Birds In Michigan (ID Guide with Photos) 2023

Did You Ever See Blue Birds in Michigan? Michigan is a birdwatcher’s paradise, known for its diverse avian population. Among the many bird species that grace this picturesque state, blue birds stand out as a symbol of beauty and tranquility. In this article, we will take a closer look at 15 stunning blue birds that call Michigan home. Each of these avian wonders has a unique story to tell, and we’ll delve into their distinctive features, habitats, and behaviors. Whether you’re an avid bird enthusiast or simply appreciate the natural wonders of Michigan, these beautiful blue birds are sure to captivate your heart and inspire your appreciation for the state’s rich biodiversity.

Explore 15 Blue Birds in Michigan

1. Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Bluebird

The Eastern Bluebird, often regarded as a harbinger of joy, is a beloved resident of Michigan. With its vibrant blue plumage, rusty-orange breast, and sweet, melodious song, it’s no wonder this bird is cherished by birdwatchers across the state. These small thrushes are known for their cavity-nesting habits, making them frequent visitors to backyard nest boxes. Learn more about their habitat preferences, nesting behaviors, and the steps you can take to attract these symbols of happiness to your own backyard.

  • Size: Approximately 6.3 to 8 inches (16 to 21 cm)
  • Weight: Around 1.0 to 1.1 ounces (28 to 32 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 9.8 to 12.6 inches (25 to 32 cm)
  • Habitat: Open woodlands, fields, and suburban areas with available nest boxes.
  • Fun Fact: Eastern Bluebirds are known for their gentle, melodious song and their role as symbols of happiness. They are also skilled hunters, primarily feeding on insects and berries.

2. Tree Swallow

Michigan skies come alive with the graceful aerial displays of Tree Swallows. Their iridescent blue-green feathers glisten in the sunlight as they perform mesmerizing acrobatics. These birds are a true testament to nature’s beauty and precision. Discover the secrets of their flight, their preferred nesting sites, and how you can create a welcoming habitat for these elegant aviators in your local area.

  • Size: Typically 5.9 to 7.5 inches (15 to 19 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.6 to 1.0 ounces (17 to 28 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 11.0 to 13.4 inches (28 to 34 cm)
  • Habitat: Open areas near water, including lakeshores, marshes, and fields, where they can catch flying insects.
  • Fun Fact: Tree Swallows are masterful aerial acrobats, performing intricate maneuvers in pursuit of insects. They often form large migratory flocks during the non-breeding season.

3. Barn Swallow

Eastern Bluebird

In the list of blue birds in michigan, At number these we have The Barn Swallow, with its striking cobalt-blue plumage and long, forked tail, is a familiar sight around farmsteads and rural areas in Michigan. These skilled flyers are not only captivating to watch but also provide valuable pest control services by feasting on flying insects. Learn more about their migration patterns, nesting habits, and the ways in which they contribute to the ecosystem of Michigan’s countryside.

  • Size: Typically 5.9 to 7.5 inches (15 to 19 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.6 to 0.7 ounces (17 to 20 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 12.2 to 15.7 inches (31 to 40 cm)
  • Habitat: Farms, open fields, and areas with access to open structures like barns for nesting.
  • Fun Fact: Barn Swallows are excellent fliers and are known for their long, deeply forked tails. They are also believed to bring good luck to farmers.

4. Purple Martin

Purple Martins, the largest swallows in North America, are known for their regal purple-blue plumage and gregarious nature. These sociable birds often nest in communal houses provided by dedicated enthusiasts. Discover the captivating world of Purple Martins, their nesting preferences, and the role they play in Michigan’s avian landscape.

  • Size: Approximately 7.5 to 8.7 inches (19 to 22 cm)
  • Weight: Around 1.6 to 2.3 ounces (45 to 65 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 15.4 to 16.5 inches (39 to 42 cm)
  • Habitat: Open areas near water, especially areas with human-provided nest boxes.
  • Fun Fact: Purple Martins are highly sociable birds that often nest in colonies. They rely on humans for suitable housing, and “martin landlords” actively maintain their nest sites.

5. Cerulean Warbler

Cerulean Warbler

The Cerulean Warbler is a rare gem among Michigan’s birdlife, renowned for its stunning sky-blue hue and sweet, high-pitched song. As a neotropical migrant, spotting this bird during its brief stay in Michigan is a special treat for birdwatchers. Learn about their migratory patterns, the challenges they face, and the conservation efforts aimed at preserving this rare delight.

  • Size: Typically 4.3 to 4.7 inches (11 to 12 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.3 to 0.4 ounces (9 to 11 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 7.5 to 8.3 inches (19 to 21 cm)
  • Habitat: Deciduous forests with a preference for mature, tall trees.
  • Fun Fact: The Cerulean Warbler is a neotropical migrant that travels incredible distances during migration, often flying from North America to South America and back each year.

6. Black-Throated Blue Warbler

In the heart of Michigan’s woodlands, the Black-Throated Blue Warbler serenades nature lovers with its distinctive blue-black throat and melodious tunes. These charismatic warblers are a delight to encounter during their breeding season. Explore their unique foraging behaviors, preferred habitats, and how to spot these woodland crooners amidst the lush greenery of Michigan’s forests.

  • Scientific Name: Setophaga caerulescens
  • Size: Typically 4.3 to 4.7 inches (11 to 12 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.3 to 0.4 ounces (9 to 11 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 7.5 to 8.3 inches (19 to 21 cm)
  • Habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests, especially areas with dense undergrowth.
  • Fun Fact: The Black-Throated Blue Warbler’s striking blue-black throat and unique foraging behavior, including flipping leaves to find insects, make it a distinctive woodland crooner in Michigan.

7. Belted Kingfisher

Belted Kingfisher

The Belted Kingfisher, with its striking blue-gray plumage and distinctive rattling call, is a bird of both beauty and skill. These remarkable aviators are often seen hovering above Michigan’s water bodies, waiting for the perfect moment to dive headfirst and catch a meal. Delve into the fascinating world of Belted Kingfishers, their remarkable hunting techniques, and their role in maintaining the balance of aquatic ecosystems.

  • Scientific Name: Megaceryle alcyon
  • Size: Typically 11 to 13 inches (28 to 33 cm)
  • Weight: Around 4.2 to 6.0 ounces (119 to 170 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm)
  • Habitat: Water bodies such as lakes, rivers, and streams, with banks for nesting and clear water for fishing.
  • Fun Fact: Belted Kingfishers are known for their impressive hunting skills, including high-speed dives into the water to catch fish. Their distinctive rattling call is often heard near waterways.

8. Indigo Bunting

Indigo Buntings are like living patches of the sky brought down to earth, with their brilliant indigo-blue color. Their cheerful songs fill Michigan’s open fields and wood edges during the breeding season. Get acquainted with these vibrant songsters, learn about their habitat preferences, and discover the joys of observing them in their natural environment.

  • Scientific Name: Passerina cyanea
  • Size: Typically 4.3 to 5.1 inches (11 to 13 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.5 to 1.0 ounces (14 to 29 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 7.5 to 9.1 inches (19 to 23 cm)
  • Habitat: Brushy areas, open woodlands, and forest edges with plenty of shrubs and tall grasses.
  • Fun Fact: Male Indigo Buntings are known for their brilliant indigo-blue plumage. These small birds are often seen singing from prominent perches during the breeding season.

9. Blue Jay

Blue Jay

Blue Jays are not only known for their stunning blue plumage but also for their vocal prowess. These colorful chatterboxes are a common sight in Michigan’s woodlands and backyards, making their presence known with their distinct calls and striking appearance. Uncover the secrets of Blue Jay behavior, their diet, and how to create an inviting space for them to visit your home.

  • Scientific Name: Cyanocitta cristata
  • Size: Typically 9.8 to 11.8 inches (25 to 30 cm)
  • Weight: Around 2.5 to 3.5 ounces (70 to 100 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 13.4 to 16.9 inches (34 to 43 cm)
  • Habitat: Woodlands, parks, and suburban areas with access to both trees and open spaces.
  • Fun Fact: Blue Jays are not only recognized for their striking blue plumage but also for their vocal abilities. They are excellent mimics and can imitate the calls of other birds.

10. Red-Breasted Nuthatch: Tiny Bird, Big Personality

Though small in size, the Red-Breasted Nuthatch possesses a big personality. Their blue-gray plumage and acrobatic feats as they move headfirst down tree trunks make them an endearing addition to Michigan’s birdlife. Learn how to attract these tiny yet charming birds to your bird feeders and enjoy their delightful antics.

  • Scientific Name: Sitta canadensis
  • Size: Typically 4.3 to 4.7 inches (11 to 12 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.3 to 0.5 ounces (9 to 14 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 7.5 to 9.1 inches (19 to 23 cm)
  • Habitat: Coniferous and mixed forests, where they often forage on tree trunks and branches.
  • Fun Fact: Red-Breasted Nuthatches are known for their agile, upside-down foraging behavior. They have a distinctive “yank yank” call.

11. White-Breasted Nuthatch

White-Breasted Nuthatches are nature’s upside-down acrobats, known for their distinctive black-capped heads and preference for hanging upside down on tree trunks. Explore the world of these unique birds, their feeding habits, and how they contribute to Michigan’s ecosystem by assisting in insect control.

  • Scientific Name: Sitta carolinensis
  • Size: Typically 5.5 to 6.3 inches (14 to 16 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.7 to 1.0 ounces (20 to 28 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 8.3 to 10.2 inches (21 to 26 cm)
  • Habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests, where they often forage on tree trunks and branches.
  • Fun Fact: White-Breasted Nuthatches are skilled at caching food, hiding seeds and insects in tree crevices. They are also known for their ability to walk headfirst down trees.

12. Common Grackle

Common Grackle

Common Grackles are iridescent infiltrators that often gather in large flocks across Michigan. Their striking blue-black plumage shines brilliantly in the sunlight. Gain insight into their behaviour, their adaptability to various environments, and how to coexist harmoniously with these social birds in your neighbourhood.

  • Scientific Name: Quiscalus quiscula
  • Size: Typically 11 to 13 inches (28 to 33 cm)
  • Weight: Around 2.7 to 5.0 ounces (76 to 142 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 14.2 to 18.1 inches (36 to 46 cm)
  • Habitat: Diverse habitats including woodlands, wetlands, and urban areas.
  • Fun Fact: Common Grackles are known for their iridescent plumage, which can appear blue or purple in the right light. They are also highly adaptable and can thrive in various environments.

13. Rock Pigeon

Rock Pigeons, commonly found in urban areas, display a surprising range of colors, including shades of blue. Their adaptability to city life and their intriguing behaviors make them more than just urban dwellers. Explore their role in urban ecosystems and the fascinating features that set them apart.

  • Scientific Name: Columba livia
  • Size: Typically 11 to 13 inches (28 to 33 cm)
  • Weight: Around 9.3 to 13.4 ounces (264 to 380 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 20.9 to 25.2 inches (53 to 64 cm)
  • Habitat: Urban and rural areas, cliffs, and buildings with ledges for nesting.
  • Fun Fact: Rock Pigeons, often seen in cities, have a wide range of color variations, including blue-gray. They are descendants of wild rock doves and have a long history of association with humans.

14. Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher

The Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher is a minuscule marvel of Michigan’s birdlife, known for its tiny size and vibrant blue-gray plumage. These energetic birds are constantly on the move, hunting for insects and entertaining observers with their agility. Discover more about blue birds in michigan and their fascinating behavior and the habitats they frequent.

  • Scientific Name: Polioptila caerulea
  • Size: Typically 4.3 to 4.7 inches (11 to 12 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.2 to 0.3 ounces (6 to 9 grams)
  • Wingspan: Roughly 5.9 to 6.7 inches (15 to 17 cm)
  • Habitat: Woodlands, thickets, and areas with dense vegetation where they hunt for tiny insects.
  • Fun Fact: Blue-Gray Gnatcatchers are minuscule marvels with striking blue-gray plumage. They are known for their constant motion and ability to catch insects in mid-air.

15. Northern Parula

Northern Parula

The Northern Parula, with its beautiful blue and yellow plumage, graces Michigan’s forests with its migrant song during the breeding season. Learn about the remarkable journey of these migratory birds, their preferred habitats, and the importance of preserving their natural surroundings.

  • Scientific Name: Setophaga americana
  • Size: Typically 4.3 to 4.7 inches (11 to 12 cm)
  • Weight: Around 0.2 to 0.3 ounces (6 to 9 grams)
  • Wingspan: Approximately 6.7 to 7.5 inches (17 to 19 cm)
  • Habitat: Deciduous and mixed forests, especially near water bodies, where they build their hanging nests.
  • Fun Fact: The Northern Parula is a neotropical migrant known for its beautiful blue and yellow plumage. They are often heard singing their high-pitched songs during their breeding season.

How to Attract Bluebirds in Michigan?

Food Sources

To attract bluebirds to your backyard, it’s essential to provide them with a suitable source of food. Bluebirds primarily feed on insects, fruits, and berries. Planting native fruit-bearing trees and shrubs like blueberries and serviceberries can be a great way to entice them.


Bluebirds are cavity nesters and prefer nesting in tree hollows or specially designed nest boxes. Installing bluebird nest boxes in your yard can provide them with a safe place to raise their young.


Creating a suitable habitat is crucial for attracting bluebirds. They prefer open spaces with short grass, as it makes hunting for insects easier. Avoid using pesticides in your yard to ensure a healthy insect population for them to feed on.


Patience is key when trying to attract bluebirds. It may take some time for them to discover your offerings, so be persistent in providing food, water, and nesting opportunities.

Small Blue Birds in Michigan

Eastern Bluebird:

As mentioned earlier, the Eastern Bluebird is a symbol of joy and happiness, and attracting them to your yard can bring a smile to your face.

Cerulean Warbler:

The Cerulean Warbler, with its stunning sky-blue plumage, is a jewel of Michigan’s birdlife. With the right habitat and conservation efforts, you can contribute to their preservation.

Black-Throated Blue Warbler:

The Black-Throated Blue Warbler adds an element of woodsy elegance to Michigan’s forests. Take a stroll in the woods and listen to their melodious songs during their breeding season.

Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher:

Blue-grey gnatcatchers may be tiny, but they are marvels of nature. Watch them flit around your yard as they catch tiny insects on the wing.

FAQs About blue birds in michigan:

Q1. Are bluebirds common in Michigan?

A1. Yes, bluebirds are relatively common in Michigan, and with the right habitat and food offerings, you can attract them to your yard.

Q2. What is the best time to spot bluebirds in Michigan?

A2. Bluebirds are most active during the spring and summer months when they are breeding and raising their young.

Q3. How can I tell the difference between male and female bluebirds?

A3. Male bluebirds typically have brighter and more vibrant plumage compared to females. They often have more intense shades of blue.

Final Thoughts:

Michigan’s bluebirds are a true testament to the state’s natural beauty and diversity. From the cheerful Eastern Bluebird to the elegant Black-Throated Blue Warbler, each of these birds adds a touch of brilliance to Michigan’s landscapes. By creating the right habitat and offering food and nesting opportunities, you can have the pleasure of witnessing these stunning blue birds up close in your own backyard. So, grab your binoculars, head outdoors, and let the beauty of Michigan’s bluebirds enchant you in 2023!

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